Category Archives: Escobar

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Materiality Part I: Distinguishing Important Representations from the Minor or Insubstantial

Editor’s Note: This is the first in a five-part series on how U.S. district courts and courts of appeal have applied the materiality standard set forth in Universal Health Services, Inc. v. U.S. ex rel. Escobar. In Escobar, the Supreme Court described several factors that a district court should consider in assessing whether a particular … Continue Reading

First Circuit on Escobar Remand: Relators’ Allegations of Regulatory Violations Sufficiently Material to State a Claim Under the FCA

On remand from the Supreme Court’s Escobar decision, the First Circuit holds that Universal Health Services’ (UHS) alleged failure to adequately staff its facilities in compliance with Massachusetts health care regulations is sufficiently material to survive UHS’s motion to dismiss.  The decision is not a complete surprise, but is nevertheless noteworthy because it reflects the … Continue Reading

The Government’s Take on Materiality After Escobar

Following the Supreme Court’s decision in Universal Health Services, Inc. v. United States ex rel. Escobar, 136 S. Ct. 1989 (2016), we expected significant False Claims Act litigation over the Act’s materiality standard.  Such litigation is a direct consequence of Escobar’s holding, which does not limit the implied certification theory to violations of conditions of … Continue Reading

FCA’s “Implied Certification” Theory Survives

We previously reported on the viability of the “implied certification” theory of FCA liability based on oral argument before the Supreme Court in Universal Health Services, Inc. v. U.S. ex rel. Escobar.  We concluded that the theory—under which a claim for payment can be false without an express certification, but because the government contractor has … Continue Reading
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